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Home/ABOUT US/History

History

The main activity is the production of spare parts for aircraft, the provision of services to maintain the airworthiness of Il-76 and Il114 aircraft and their modifications. Production of consumer goods. The date of birth of the plant is 1932. The plant was founded on the basis of an aircraft repair shop in the suburban village. Khimki, Russia.

1935-1945
In 1935, the plant began production of VIT-1, VIT-2, I-15, I-15v, I-16, I-153 Chaika fighters designed by Polikarpov.

In June 1937, hovercrafts L-1 and L-5 were built by designer Professor V.I. Levkov.

Most of the aircraft created at the plant were tested by the Hero of the Soviet Union V.P. Chkalov. His name was given to the plant at the request of the workers and employees of plant No. 84 in September 1937.

In 1938, a short-range high-speed bomber BBS with two engines was built and tested, designer V.F. Bolkhovitinov.

The main thing for the plant was the development of one of the most reliable machines of that time - the licensed American aircraft "Douglas-3" (DS-3) in passenger and transport versions.
The aircraft received a new name PS-84 (passenger aircraft of the 84th plant). The plant began mastering the production of the PS-84 aircraft in 1938, in 1939 the head series was produced, and in 1940 - a large batch of aircraft - this year the plant began mass production.

In the autumn of 1941, due to the outbreak of World War II, the plant was evacuated from the city of Khimki, Moscow Region, Russia to the city of Tashkent, Uzbekistan (the first echelon arrived on November 20, 1941), where the plant was located on the former premises of plant No. 243 GVF; Polygraph plant; woodworking workshops of Chirchikstroy and with the help of Uzbek workers, with the direct participation of the leaders of the Government of Uzbekistan, only two months after the evacuation, the production of modernized PS-84 (Li-2) aircraft for military aviation was restored.

The first military transport aircraft PS-84 was raised into the sky of Tashkent on January 7, 1942. During the war, 2258 aircraft were produced.

In September 1942, the PS-84 aircraft was renamed Li-2 ("Lisunov-2") after the Chief Engineer of the plant Lisunov Boris Pavlovich, who made a huge contribution to the development of aircraft production. Under his direct supervision, for the first time in the domestic aircraft industry, the plasma-template method for manufacturing parts, assemblies, and assemblies was introduced, which ensured their complete interchangeability.

At the beginning of 1945, that is, when the war was still going on, the plant was ordered to produce a batch of passenger aircraft, by the end of the war 10 such aircraft were produced, and at the end of the war, the plant completely switched to peaceful rails, that is, to the production of passenger and transport versions of the Lee aircraft -2. In September 1945, the plant supplied the Polish government of national unity with 20 Li-2 aircraft in passenger and transport versions. This aircraft was produced until 1954, a total of 4,500 aircraft were produced.

1950-1960
In the 1950s, the plant mastered and mass-produced very reliable Il-14 passenger aircraft widely used in the Soviet Union and the Warsaw Pact countries, chief designer S.V. Ilyushin. In the conditions of the Arctic and Antarctic, they turned out to be the only operational vehicle. The first flight of the aircraft took place on March 14, 1954. In total, the plant produced 440 aircraft.

Starting from 1958, the plant began to develop and produce An-8 military transport wide-body aircraft designed by chief designer O.K. Antonova.

This machine differed sharply from the Il-14 aircraft in its design, purpose, increased takeoff weight, payload, and flight range. The aircraft was produced until 1961. The first flight took place on December 20, 1958. 151 aircraft were manufactured.

In 1960, the Ka-22 rotorcraft was built and tested by the chief designer N.I. Kamov.
The design of the rotorcraft had an original solution. Lifting and pulling screws were installed on each of the two engines. Five of these machines were built. Not serially produced. Cabins of Ka-26 helicopters were built until 1962. More than 100 cabins have been built for the helicopter plant in Kumertau.

1961-1972
Since 1961, the production of a large and more advanced amphibious transport aircraft An-12, chief designer O.K. Antonov, has been launched.

The machine was distinguished by high reliability and good performance. The first flight took place on July 21, 1961.

More than 830 aircraft have been produced. Production of the An-12 ceased in 1972.

In 1962, Tashkent aircraft builders began to master the production of an amphibious transport aircraft - the giant An-22 Antey.

The first flight took place on November 11, 1965. A real sensation was made by his first demonstration flight at the air show in La Bourget in 1965. First of all, it impressed the participants with its gigantic dimensions for those times: length - 56 meters, wingspan - 64 meters, and with its characteristics: payload - 60 tons, flight range - 5500 km, four engines of 12000 hp each, two powerful keels. 

It made a huge impression on representatives of Western aviation firms. 68 such aircraft were produced.

In November 1967, branches of the Tashkent Aviation Plant named after. Chkalov in the years. Fergana and Andijan - Fergana Mechanical Plant, Andijan Mechanical Plant.

In October 1972, the aviation plant was transformed into the Tashkent Aviation Production Association named after. V.P. Chkalov (TAPOiCh), including: Tashkent Aviation Plant (TAZiCh), Fergana Mechanical Assembly Plant (FMZ), Andijan Mechanical Assembly Plant (AMZ) and Tashkent Oxygen Plant.

Simultaneously with the production of the An-22 aircraft, the development of the new Il-76 aircraft, chief designer S.V. Ilyushin, began. The first flight of the Il-76 took place on May 8, 1973.
During the production process, the Il-76 aircraft continued to improve, its characteristics and performance improved. Since 1973, about 1,000 Il-76 aircraft of all modifications have been produced. More than 100 aircraft are operated in Libya, India, Syria, Iraq, Algeria, Korea, China, Egypt, Cuba, Israel.

1976-1987
In October 1976, a branch of the association was established in the district center of Zaamin, Jizzakh region, for the production of means of mechanization of riveting and assembly work.

In 1978, the following were tested: March 24 - the first Il-76M military transport aircraft, November 4 - the first Il-76T transport aircraft.

Since 1980, the association has taken part in the production of supergiants - the An-124 Ruslan aircraft (wing and center section) and the An-225 Mriya (center section).

In February 1982, the first center section was built and handed over to KIAPO, and on December 24, 1982, the first wing. Production ceased in 1992. Built 12 center sections, 31 sets of wings.
On March 6, 1981, the first modified Il-76MD military transport aircraft was tested.
In 1981, the association manufactured and handed over to the LII the IL-76 laboratory aircraft for testing the DS-18 engines for the An-124 aircraft.

In 1982, a power set of the fuselage and center section for the Buran spacecraft was manufactured.
On May 5, 1982, the first modified Il-76TD transport aircraft was tested.

On March 14, 1983, the mechanical assembly branch "TAPOiCh" (TMSF) was organized.

On June 26, 1983, the first modified Il-78 tanker aircraft was built and tested.

In September 1983, the A-50 aircraft was built and tested.

On December 18, 1984, the first Il-76PS search and rescue aircraft was tested.

In April 1987, TAPOiCh organized the production of UPAZ and UPAZ-1 units and equipment for VAPO for gluing wing mechanization units for the IL-96-300 aircraft.

1988-1999
On August 6, 1988, the first modified laboratory aircraft for training cosmonauts in weightlessness, Il-76MDK, was tested.

On January 1, 1989, the enterprise switched to full cost accounting and self-financing.

Since 1989, the association has begun the development and serial production of a modern passenger aircraft Il-114 for local lines for 62 passengers, the chief designer is Talikov N.D. AK im. S.V. Ilyushin. On August 7, 1992, the first Il-114P aircraft was launched into the air and was highly appreciated by the testers.

In pursuance of the CCM of the Republic of Uzbekistan No. 25 dated January 22, 1992, the association came under the jurisdiction and ownership of the Republic of Uzbekistan with all assets and liabilities, approved orders for the supply of products for state needs, limits and standards, unfinished construction projects in accordance with design and estimate documentation .

In January 1993, the first modified Il-76MD aircraft with a serial set of equipment for extinguishing fires was built and tested.

In February 1994, a new IL-76MF aircraft, developed by AK im. Ilyushina, Chief Designer R.P. Papkovsky. It is characterized by a fuselage lengthened by 6.6 m, a reinforced wing, the installation of powerful PS-90A-76 engines of 16,000 kgf each, electronic control of aircraft and engine systems, and the use of the latest Kupol-3 navigation and indication system.
The first Il-76MF aircraft was lifted into the air on August 1, 1995.

In April 1994, the assembly of a new transport aircraft, the AN-70, was completed, developed by OKB im. OK. Antonova. Wings - production TAPOiCH.

Manufactured 3 sets (wing, inner set of fuselage) -1992, 1993, 1996.

On the basis of the Council of Ministers of the Republic of Uzbekistan No. 156 of April 18, 1996 and the decision of the founding conference of May 17, 1996, TAPOiCH was transformed into a State Joint-Stock Company of an open type. GAO "TAPOiCH".

On September 14, 1996, the first Il-114T aircraft was lifted into the air.
The aircraft has the possibility of a combined version: for the transport of passengers and cargo. Allows you to transport up to 7000kg over a distance of 1000 or more.

On April 11, 1997, the Interstate Aviation Committee issued a type No. A1 certificate for noise on the ground to the Il-76MF aircraft with a takeoff weight of 210 tons and a landing weight of 165 tons, which certifies that the aircraft with PS-90A-76 engines meets the requirements of Article 3. aviation rights

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